The year is rapidly coming to a close, with only 11 days left that the House plans to be in session. Before the year's end, Congress is supposed to hear from the budget conference committee on the results of their negotiations, but lawmakers also have a few other year-end events to handle.
What to do about sequestration remains one of the most important questions before the budget conference, and while replacing at least part of the sequester is popular among lawmakers, it is not clear what policies should offset that cost. Today, Nicole Woo of the Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR) made the case for an offset that could replace one-third of the sequester for 2014 - increasing Wall Street user fees.
Citizens for Tax Justice has released a new tax reform plan which eliminates some tax breaks and uses some of the revenue to cut the top rate and simplify some tax provisions. In total, they estimate the package would raise $2.4 trillion in revenue over the next ten years, or $2 trillion in permanent revenue when temporary effects of a few policies (like accelerated depreciation) are excluded.
On this day 27 years ago, President Ronald Reagan signed into the law the Tax Reform Act of 1986, which stands as the last major overhaul of the US tax system. The law serves as the ultimate example in this country of tax base-broadening and tax rate-lowering reform and is often cited as the inspiration for many tax reform plans today. The Act consolidated individual income tax brackets from 15 to 2, reducing the top individual rate from 50 to 28 percent and the top corporate rate from 46 to 34 percent.
Today marks the centennial anniversary of the federal income tax, signed into law on October 3, 1913 by President Woodrow Wilson. Though this date marks the beginning of the modern income tax, there were previous iterations of income taxes in the United States, one enacted during the Civil War (which expired in 1872) and another in 1894 (ruled unconstitutional the next year).
As we explained this morning, the House of Representatives recently passed a continuing resolution funding the government at FY 2013 levels through mid-December. In order to garner support from enough House Republicans, the bill also contains three Affordable Care Act-related provisions – it delays implementation of the Affordable Care Act for a year, it includes a provision that delays for a year the requirement that insurance plans cover contraception, and it permanently repeals the medical device tax.
On Tuesday, Senator Mike Lee (R-UT) presented his Family Fairness and Opportunity Tax Reform Act, which will be introduced in the coming days.
One area of controversy in the last election was the percentage of American households that pay no federal income tax, often cited as 47 percent. The number actually peaked at 50 percent in 2009, but that proportion will fall to 43 percent this year.