Budget Process and Rules

The True Cost of Federal Credit Programs?

In a new report released yesterday, the Congressional Budget Office looked at the difference in accounting methods used to score federal credit programs. This was a follow up to a previous report which we analyzed back in March about how the costs of federal loan and loan guarantee programs would look if we changed the way we accounted for them.

Dynamic Scoring Explained

What is dynamic scoring? How are legislative proposals currently scored? CRFB's latest policy paper details the process and methods that the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) use to estimate the budget impact of legislation and the pros and cons of supplementing that process with "dynamic scoring."

Fixing Medicare Double-Counting

Donald Marron, who recently wrote a blog post on how budget limits are treated in Congressional rules, wrote a piece today detailing how Medicare Part A rules could be altered so that savings in Part A could not be used to both reduce the deficit and extend the life of the Hospital Insurance (HI) trust fund. Here's his take:

Double Counting and Medicare Part A

Last month, Social Security and Medicare Trustee Chuck Blahous sparked a controversy by saying that the Affordable Care Act would add to the deficit, arguing that the law was double counting savings from Medicare Part A because Part A is already restrained by a trust fund that is scheduled to expire this decade. Thus, the Medicare savings from the law would only be used to extend the life of the trust fund.

Line Items: Tax Edition

Tax Reform Cometh…Eventually – Today is Tax Day, when federal tax returns are due. Procrastinators have DC Emancipation Day, a holiday in the District of Columbia celebrating the day President Lincoln freed the slaves there, to thank for the extra day to file. The law prohibits Tax Day from falling on a weekend or federal or state holiday. Congress returns from a two-week hiatus just in time for lawmakers to take advantage of the tax filing deadline to promote their favorite tax reforms.

The 2013 Budget Process Moves Forward...Sort Of

The House Republican budget resolution included reconciliation instructions to six committees to find $261 billion in savings over ten years intended to offset $78 billion from delaying the sequester for a year.

Line Items: Bloom and Gloom Edition

Bloom and Gloom – Washington’s famous Cherry Blossoms bloomed just ahead of the festival in their honor, and most promptly disappeared due to stormy weather in DC. Now, we can look forward to five weeks of celebrations with the namesakes mostly absent. A similar situation is playing out with the federal budget. There have been weeks of hearings, which will culminate this week as the House votes on the FY 2013 budget resolution. Yet, it is clear that there will be no budget coming out of Congress, again.

Budget Process Reforms in the Ryan Budget

The FY 2013 House Republican budget resolution, which has now been passed by the Budget Committee 19-18, contains a number of sweeping changes to the federal budget. And budget process is no exception.

Line Items: March to Madness Edition

Mad, Mad World – There’s enough madness in DC to go around. Lawmakers from opposite parties seem perpetually angry at each other, yet they are moving in lockstep towards what Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke recently called a “fiscal cliff” at the end of the year. And expecting Congress to adopt a budget has become akin to picking a 16th seed to win. Unlike the big tourney, there doesn’t seem to be an end in sight to this madness. Think you can do better?

An Odd Couple: Millionaire Surtax Paired with Balanced Budget Amendment Requirement

In what was surprising news to many when, yesterday, freshman Rep. Rick Crawford (R-AR) announced that he would introduce legislation that would apply a tax to those with annual incomes exceeding $1 million. The concept has held pretty much exclusively Democratic support, until now that is. Crawford touted the move as a necessary compromise for a path towards reducing the county’s deficits and sky-rocketing debt.

An aide described it as analogous to other bipartisan efforts to reaching a deal, stating:

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